Was The Trojan War Real Or Just A Myth?

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    Until about a hundred years ago, it was thought that the late Bronze Age Trojan War was merely one of the most important events of Greek mythology. Still the argument rages, as to whether the story of the Trojan War record was a real event, or just a myth.

    Troy Excavations:

    Troy was first excavated by Frank Calvert in 1863 and later visited by Heinrich Schliemann and his team of archaeologists. They believed they had found the remains of a great citadel that existed on the north-west shore of Asia Minor, now Turkey and that it was the traditional location of Troy. The area appeared to have been overrun around the year 1250 B.C., supposedly the time of the fabled Trojan War.

    The excavations of the archaeological site continued throughout the 20th century and on into the present day. They have uncovered nine different cities and up to 46 levels of dwellings at the site. It was only the incident of the Trojan horse that captured the city, of between 4,000 – 10,000 inhabitants, as Troy’s walls were so thick and well-constructed.

    However, there are still many questions left unanswered, in accepting Calvert’s site as being the original Troy.

    Blended Myth:

    A 10-year siege is thought to be totally implausible, but raids and skirmishes are documented in letters and treaties found at the Hittite capital of Hattusa. Numbers, such as ten, were often used in ancient texts, in a symbolic manner, meaning ‘a lot’.

    Many historians believe the story of the 10—year-siege of Troy is simply a mixture of various sieges and expeditions by the Greeks, during the Bronze Age. Reality and Myth became combined, rather than an actual event. Perhaps it was a process over time that became the source of the ancient story.

    A Quite Different Theory:

    The Trojan War was not waged by Greeks, or over the abduction of Helen of Troy, the real cause was over access to tin, which was abundant in Britain. Tin was essential for the production of bronze, a key material in the making of weapons, at that time.

    It was the custom of the illiterate, migrating, Sea Peoples, to verbally pass on their history. This is how the stories of the greatest war of prehistorical times, the Trojan War, came into being.

    The great migrations of the second millennium B.C. brought the Archaens, or Pelasgians, (Watermen, or Sea People) Troy’s enemies, from areas along the Atlantic coast of the Continent, to The Mediterranean. There they caused the collapse of numerous civilizations.

    Herodotus, the Greek historian of the fifth century B.C., confirms that the Sea Peoples had settled in Greece long before this time. They are believed to have founded Athens, merged with the local population and adopted their language and renamed places.

    The Archaens brought their oral traditions and gods with them, including the Odyssey and the lliad, which were eventually written down in Greek, around 750 B.C. The newcomers engaged in their time-honoured practice of renaming rivers, towns and mountains, after familiar places from their former homelands.

    The transfer and change of place-names, led to the mistaken belief that the events described in the epics, took place in Greece and around the Mediterranean and that the Archaens were in fact Greeks.

    Later Greeks did not know that the Trojans, who once lived in that area, were migrants, as the collective memory of this, was lost during the Dark Ages (1200 – 750 B.C.). The origin of the Trojans and the Archaens was forgotten, while the reality behind the Odessy and the lliad was lost in the mists of time. The story of the Trojan War was handed down across the millennia and became an extraordinary iconic way of influencing the way Western people view both themselves and their history.

    Reduce The Earth’s Population:

    Others put forth the theory that the Trojan War was not just the rescuing of the Greek Queen, Helen of Troy, but a way for the god Zeus to reduce the ever-increasing global population.

    This makes you stop and wonder, as to why out of 196 countries across the Planet, 22 countries were under conflict at the end of 2015, with a total of 2.5 million deaths since 1947? These conflicts have also created millions of refugees.

    These figures exclude World War I figures, when an estimated 17 million people were killed and 20 million wounded. World War II deaths are estimated from between 50 to 89 million killed, which was approximately 3% of the population.

    Perhaps the spirit of Zeus is alive and well in the 21st century, with a concerted effort to decrease the population of humanity, or is it just that war is a money making machine for the giant industrialists?

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    Written by Dr Wendy Stenberg-Tendys, founder and author of Geekoterre Trailblazer’s Club, a fun online education club for 8-14 year olds, (though all ages enjoy it). You will be doing your tweens something special that will impact on their future, when you introduce them to #Geekoterre. Don’t miss out on all the fun!

    Wendy also freelance writes for Social Nucleus, a private, progressive and rapidly expanding social network of like-minded professionals, where people get paid to socialise. Join #SocialNucleus by invitation only.

    If you have something important you would like to say contact Wendy on admin@geekoterre.org